Comparison of the Legal Regulation of Integrity Tests in the Czech Republic and in the Republic of Moldova
Col. Mgr. Lukáš Koubek, General Inspection of Security Forces
Col. (Ret.) Jan Čáp, Ph.D., Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague, Faculty of Security and Law, Department of Criminalistics
This article is focused on the comparison of the legal regulation of integrity tests in the territory of the Czech Republic and the Republic of Moldova. Integrity tests are a very effective tool in fighting corruption and a similar criminal activity that occurs in some cases when holding office. Persons who protect security, fight crime and enforce the legal code are more demanding than other members of the society, mainly because of their competencies. As it can be seen from the above mentioned data, the integrity testing is an effective institute that can prevent committing crime in the public sector, thus guaranteeing a high level of professional integrity of persons administering public authority. The integrity test is a world-famous institute being approached by particular countries a little differently, which is also evident from the information mentioned above. The international co-operation is also important due to the diversity of legal regulations, which can also be noted in the case of the Republic of Moldova, where such an international co-operation helped the local authority with the actual implementation of integrity testing. That is why it is important to continue to deal with the legal regulation of the discussed institute in other countries and not only to draw interesting observations, but also to pass on valuable experience. This article is the expected basis for follow-up articles, in which we would like to compare the institute of integrity testing in other countries the GIBS has established the cooperation with or will cooperate in a similar way in the future. The article was created as an output from a partial research task of the Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague, under the designation DVÚ 3/3 Selected aspects of possible corrupt and other undesirable behavior of members and staff of corps, fulfilled within 2017-2023.
In conclusion, it can be stated that integrity tests are a tool with a significant anti-corruption benefit with general preventive effects, as evidenced by the experience of colleagues from the Republic of Moldova.
Keywords: security forces, GIBS (the General Inspection of Security Forces of the Czech Republic), ITD, corruption, crime, the Republic of Moldova, NAC, integrity test.