Some Corruption and Economic Crime Related Terms in the Law Enforcement Environment of the Czech Republic
Mgr. Jiří Víšek; doc. Mgr. Oldřich Krulík, Ph.D.; Mgr. Zuzana Krulíková
Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague
JUDr. Josef Hrudka Ph.D., General Directorate of Custom Administration of the Czech Republic

The fight against corruption is one of the “evergreens” of social, political and media discourse – not only in the Czech Republic. However, the general public or even professionals do not identically understand some of the concepts related to this area. In the paper terms such as “insider trading”, “whistleblowing”, “blacklisting”, “trading in influence” or “integrity” (especially in the sense of “integrity testing”, often misinterpreted as “agent provocateur”) will be discussed, with emphasis on their reflection in law enforcement theory and practice in the Czech Republic. The team of authors will provide an overview of the presence of the respective terms in the current Criminal Code of the Czech Republic and other relevant legislative norms. The occurrence of individual terms, their possible nuances, or the changes in the use of terms in time will also be mentioned. The authors will also exploit some experience from the drafting of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (from 2002 to 2005). Terminological debates, in particular, were one of the major leitmotifs of the whole international negotiation.

Keywords: Security-legal terminology, economic crime, corruption, experience.