Cantor-Land Model as a Theoretical Assumption About the Relationship Between Crime and Unemployment
Ing. Stanislav Burian, Ph.D., Faculty of Security Management PA Czech Republic in Prague, Department of Informatics and Management
Ing. Pavel Hrdlička, Ph.D., Faculty of Economics and Life Sciences in Prague, Department of Economic Theories
This review briefly introduces the Cantor-Land model which is based on assumptions about the relationship between (mainly) property crime and unemployment. According to the assumptions of the model, unemployment affects crime in two ways: at first, in the short run, an increase in unemployment reduces crime through the opportunity effect; at second, in the long term, an increase in unemployment leads to an increase in crime via the motivation effect. This model is often used for quantitative research of the relationship between unemployment and crime. The model is criticized mainly due to the regression approach and the variables used for estimation. Empirical studies do not allow formulating a robust conclusion about the validity of the model.
Keywords: Cantor-Land model, crime, motivation effect, unemployment, opportunity effect.