The Dissolution of Political Parties in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic
Martin Kovanič, M.A., Ph.D., PhDr. Josef Smolík, Ph.D., MBA, LL.M., Institute of Social Development, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendel University in Brno
In recent decades, the far right has been on the rise throughout Europe. Several political parties from this spectrum pose a threat to the functioning of liberal democracy. For this reason, countries use their right to defend themselves and so they ban some political parties. Both the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic took similar measures in the past. The purpose of this article is to analyze party-banning regimes in these two countries and put it in the wider theoretical context. The main finding of the article is the fact, that there is a divergence between the applied party-banning regimes. In Slovakia, it functions within the anti-extremism paradigm, while in the Czech Republic it presents a mixture of anti-extremism and negative republicanism.
Keywords: dissolution of political parties, far right, extremism, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic.