Identity as a Dialogue
PhDr. Petr Nesvadba, CSc., doc. JUDr. Mgr. Joža Spurný, Ph.D.
Mgr. Lukáš Urban, Ph.D., Police Academy of the Czech Republic in Prague
Faculty of Security Management, Department of Social Science

This text should be understood as the basic theoretical and methodological consideration of solution within a scientific and research task “Social risk groups and risk behaviour.” The authors conceive the collective identity phenomenon not as something static and given once for all, but as a procedure of self-definition of certain social group, so as a dynamic posing and crossing of its borders and formation of sense. I warn about the importance of reflecting the philosophical roots of the Western type of rationality, based in the claim of “logos” and “paideia.” Socratic approach to the analysis of identity formation allows them to understand it as a persistent posing of questions and breaking through the “natural one.” On this basis then, the authors define also their thesis about a dialogical nature of identity and its principal non-adoption and non-alienation. This text motivates to the constitution of critical thinking that is the original intention of Greek roots of Western civilization and that will be significant by its care about the questions, formation of a real public space and reflection of prerequisites of own relation.
Keywords: Dialogue, identity, questions, rationality, shape, Western philosophy, universalism.